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Lanternfish are one of many animals that light up the ocean with their glowing bodies. An ocean (from Ancient Greek Ὠκεανός, transc. Okeanós, the sea of classical antiquity[1]) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet’s hydrosphere.[2] On Earth, an ocean is one of the major conventional divisions of the World Ocean. These are, in descending order by area, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern (Antarctic), and Arctic Oceans.[3][4] The word sea is often used interchangeably with “ocean” in American English but, strictly speaking, a sea is a body of saline water (generally a division of the world ocean) partly or fully enclosed by land.[5] The rariphotic is a sort of “missing link” between medium-light reef zones and the lightless ocean beneath, known as the aphotic zone. The geologist Bram Murton has warned of “an ill-informed knee-jerk reaction” to ocean mining which, he says, offers the potential to support a low-carbon future. We very much want you on board this wave, with upswells worldwide of people who will inherit the oceans.   New studies show complex effects of carbon dioxide on fish population. Many studies have shown that larvae of various fish species can be negatively affected by ocean acidification. Acidification is caused by large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) entering the seawater from the atmosphere. But CO2 can also influence the food supply for the fish … more The fish themselves may be different species each year, brought from a different part of the ocean. Early ancestors of the ocean’s biggest animals once walked on land. Follow their extraordinary journey from shore to sea.  Although Earth is the only known planet with large stable bodies of liquid water on its surface and the only one in the Solar System, other celestial bodies are thought to have large oceans.[59] Early ancestors of the ocean’s biggest animals once walked on land. Follow their extraordinary journey from shore to sea.  One reason fish are so diverse is that 70 percent of the planet is covered in water. The animals in this group live in a variety of habitats ranging from coral reefs and kelp forests to rivers, streams, and the open ocean. Another is that fish are very old on the evolutionary scale. According to fossil records, they have been on Earth for more than 500 million years! The total number of living fish species—about 32,000— is greater than the total of all other vertebrate species (amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) combined. Endangered Waves can empower and incentivize surfers (there are 24 million worldwide) to monitor the health of their coastlines through crowdsourced data. Surfers can use this app to create crowdsourced data to identify and then reduce hazards in their local surf breaks. In the US, tourism and recreation comprise 72% of employment in the ocean economy and 31% of its gross value. Creating apps that cater to this market isn’t indulgent, it’s good business sense. Tins of tuna state that they are “dolphin-friendly” so should products using cobalt say if the metal was mined on land or in the ocean? What would the best choice be anyway? Should the vents so special to Attenborough be spared and only nodule mining allowed? Deep-sea mining plans need a better grasp of ocean floor ecosystems Scientists have attributed an algal bloom that killed off $800 million worth of salmon in Chile to rising ocean temperatures, and they say other aquaculture operations around the world are at risk.about 1 month ago WWF is working collaboratively on the brightest conservation ideas that focus on building a more resilient ocean through sustainable fishing practices and protecting important regions, like the Arctic and threatened mangrove forests. GCOS Implementation Plan 2016   !NEW! Publications GOOS webinar on OceanSITES’ Unique Role in the Observing System Available here OceanSITES poster at EGU2015 Poster 1 Poster 2 Deep-Ocean T/S Challenge: Contribute a deep-ocean T/S Sensor! More information But it stresses that the ocean is being assailed from many different types of pollution – including run-off pesticides and fertilisers from farms, industrial toxins like PCBs, and pharmaceuticals. Deep-sea mining plans need a better grasp of ocean floor ecosystems Plastic is everywhere – even the deepest parts of the ocean are now awash with it. Cod: Normal, cold, lukewarm oceans and deep variants Salmon: Normal, frozen rivers, cold, frozen oceans and deep variants Puffer Fish: Lukewarm, warm oceans and lukewarm deep oceans Tropical Fish: Lukewarm, warm oceans and lukewarm deep oceans This challenge is important because there is a wealth of ocean data being collected, but so little of it being used. As long as ocean data remains disconnected, we are unable to address the critical challenges our ocean faces. Scientists estimate more than 2 million species live in ocean waters and nine out of 10 haven’t been fully identified. The Marine Living Planet Index recorded a 36% overall decline in the abundance of marine life between 1970 and 2012. Unsustainable fishing is the primary direct threat to marine population, followed by habitat changes, which can also include a loss of food sources. It’s time to give our ocean our full attention. W zależności od klasyfikacji, wyróżnia się jeden, trzy, cztery lub pięć oceanów[2][3][4][5]: A Wave Glider named Europa is slowly crossing the Pacific, listening for whale songs. If the robot finds evidence that humpbacks congregate in the remote open ocean, it could help scientists protect endangered populations of the marine mammal.28 days ago The Sustainable Ocean Alliance (SOA) is a global organization that advances the impact of start-ups, social enterprises and youth-centered initiatives that are developing solutions to protect and sustain our ocean. SOA’s pipeline of ocean leaders, ages 16-35, is cultivated through a chapter-based model, led by students at the high school and college levels, as well as by young professionals. Life in the Jurassic ocean The XPRIZE Ocean Initiative is dedicated to ensuring our ocean is healthy, valued and understood. It’s time to give our ocean our full attention. Our oceans are changing fast. Find out how Museum collections are helping scientists to understand the future of marine life. “It’s estimated that 95 per cent of the liveable space on our planet is in the ocean,” said Dr Carole Baldwin, curator of fishes at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and lead author of the study. A global layer of liquid water thick enough to decouple the crust from the mantle is thought to be present on the natural satellites Titan, Europa, Enceladus and, with less certainty, Callisto, Ganymede[62][63] and Triton.[64][65] A magma ocean is thought to be present on Io. Geysers have been found on Saturn’s moon Enceladus, possibly originating from about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) deep ocean beneath an ice shell.[57] Other icy moons may also have internal oceans, or may once have had internal oceans that have now frozen.[66] Oceans X Labs, a joint initiative of Conservation X Labs and WWF, is matching big ideas with the brightest minds in search of solutions to the global challenges of oceans conservation. Extraterrestrial oceans may be composed of water or other elements and compounds. The only confirmed large stable bodies of extraterrestrial surface liquids are the lakes of Titan, although there is evidence for the existence of oceans elsewhere in the Solar System. Early in their geologic histories, Mars and Venus are theorized to have had large water oceans. The Mars ocean hypothesis suggests that nearly a third of the surface of Mars was once covered by water, and a runaway greenhouse effect may have boiled away the global ocean of Venus. Compounds such as salts and ammonia dissolved in water lower its freezing point so that water might exist in large quantities in extraterrestrial environments as brine or convecting ice. Unconfirmed oceans are speculated beneath the surface of many dwarf planets and natural satellites; notably, the ocean of Europa is estimated to have over twice the water volume of Earth. The Solar System’s giant planets are also thought to have liquid atmospheric layers of yet to be confirmed compositions. Oceans may also exist on exoplanets and exomoons, including surface oceans of liquid water within a circumstellar habitable zone. 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