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Reef ecosystems just below the mesophotic zone – the maximum depth at which tropical reef-building corals can survive – have been largely ignored by ocean explorers. The amount of plastic in the ocean is set to treble in a decade unless litter is curbed, a major report has warned. The deep ocean houses an ecosystem that has learned to thrive without sunlight or warmth. Welcome to the abyss. Then join UNESCO’s IOC to design the UN Decade of Ocean Science and have your say about the next 10 years of ocean science development! The Foresight reports are written by experts to brief ministers on medium and long-term issues of significance. This one has been signed off by ministers from four different departments as the authors emphasise the need for a joined-up oceans policy. To keep oceans healthy, we must fully understand the science of diverse fisheries and build management systems to control when, where, how, and how much people fish.  By 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in our oceans. To reverse this trend, we need to take action! Take the pledge and commit to reducing your usage of plastics. Puffer fish and tropical fish spawn in lukewarm and warm oceans. Salmon spawn in cold and frozen oceans, and unlike the other 3 variants, can also spawn in rivers. “We have largely thought of fish as very alien and very simple, so we didn’t really care how we killed them,” Braithwaite says. “If we look at trawl netting, that’s a pretty gruesome way for fish to die: the barometric trauma of getting ripped from the ocean into open air, and then slowly suffocating. Can we do that more humanely? Yes. Should we? Probably, yes. We’re mostly not doing it at the moment because it’s more expensive to kill fish humanely, especially in the wild.” JPI Oceans   •   Rue du Trône 130, 1050 Brussels, Belgium Tel. +32 (0)2 626 16 60   •   Fax: +32 (0)2 626 16 61   •   jpioceans@rcn.no Website developed and maintained by VLIZ | Privacy and Cookie policy Professor Richard Twitchett explains what a more acidic ocean could mean for the future of marine life. Advocates of exploiting the ocean also point to the size of mines on land compared with those that would be operated underwater. Kennecott in Utah and Chuquicamata and Escondida in Chile involve mind-bogglingly large holes in the ground. They stretch nearly three miles across (4km) and reach more than half a mile deep (645m-1200m). The Big Ocean Button Challenge is a $100,000 app development competition to turn ocean data, into the products and services we need. What is ocean acidification? Join Ocean Futures Society today–Be part of Jean-Michel’s team as we explore the world and address important issues. With our updates, you can add your voice for the ocean! Some planets and natural satellites outside the Solar System are likely to have oceans, including possible water ocean planets similar to Earth in the habitable zone or “liquid-water belt”. The detection of oceans, even through the spectroscopy method, however is likely extremely difficult and inconclusive. Our oceans have absorbed most of the planet’s warming—over 90%—and a significant amount of our carbon pollution. Warmer oceans are driving stronger storms and bleaching coral reefs. As oceans absorb carbon dioxide, they become more acidic, threatening most shelled organisms, including small crustaceans fundamental to the marine food chain. Oceana Canada, an ocean research charity, is hoping citizen scientists in Halifax armed with DNA kits will help them sniff out seafood fraud. (Elaine Thompson/Associated Press) W skład oceanów (układów oceanicznych) wchodzą także mniejsze obszary wodne, jak: morza, zatoki, kanały, zalewy i cieśniny, które od pełnych wód oceanicznych mogą być oddzielone półwyspami, wyspami bądź archipelagami. Wszystkie te zasoby wodne Ziemi określa się łącznie mianem wszechoceanu. In the center of the Pacific Ocean gyre our researchers found more plastic than plankton. A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics, once they enter the oceans, break up into small particulates that enter the food chain where they attract toxins like a magnet. These toxins are stored in seafood’s fatty tissues, and eventually consumed by us. The Mars ocean hypothesis suggests that nearly a third of the surface of Mars was once covered by water, though the water on Mars is no longer oceanic (much of it residing in the ice caps). The possibility continues to be studied along with reasons for their apparent disappearance. Astronomers think that Venus had liquid water and perhaps oceans in its very early history.[citation needed] If they existed, all later vanished via resurfacing. The deep ocean houses an ecosystem that has learned to thrive without sunlight or warmth. Welcome to the abyss. The gas giants, Jupiter and Saturn, are thought to lack surfaces and instead have a stratum of liquid hydrogen, however their planetary geology is not well understood. The possibility of the ice giants Uranus and Neptune having hot, highly compressed, supercritical water under their thick atmospheres has been hypothesised. Although their composition is still not fully understood, a 2006 study by Wiktorowicz and Ingersall ruled out the possibility of such a water “ocean” existing on Neptune,[60] though some studies have suggested that exotic oceans of liquid diamond are possible.[61] The amount of plastic in the ocean is set to treble in a decade unless litter is curbed, a major report has warned. To keep oceans healthy, we must fully understand the science of diverse fisheries and build management systems to control when, where, how, and how much people fish.  When you purchase the 4Ocean Limited Edition Coral Reef Bracelet, we will remove one pound of trash from the ocean and coastlines and also help to restore and regrow coral reefs through our partnership with the Coral Restoration Foundation*. This bracelet represents your support. Other possible candidates are merely speculated based on their mass and position in the habitable zone include planet though little is actually known of their composition. Some scientists speculate Kepler-22b may be an “ocean-like” planet.[71] Models have been proposed for Gliese 581 d that could include surface oceans. Gliese 436 b is speculated to have an ocean of “hot ice”.[72] Exomoons orbiting planets, particularly gas giants within their parent star’s habitable zone may theoretically have surface oceans. I knew we were going towards the ocean; and my great cause of apprehension was the bar. Endangered Waves can empower and incentivize surfers (there are 24 million worldwide) to monitor the health of their coastlines through crowdsourced data. Surfers can use this app to create crowdsourced data to identify and then reduce hazards in their local surf breaks. In the US, tourism and recreation comprise 72% of employment in the ocean economy and 31% of its gross value. Creating apps that cater to this market isn’t indulgent, it’s good business sense. The partnership spans fisheries, aquaculture, oil and gas, marine bio products, transportation, defence, marine renewables, and ocean technology. Companies are collaborating to define a shared innovation roadmap based on common challenges and requirements. NRDC works to protect our seas from pollution and exploitation. We help implement laws that allow overfished species to rebound, and we fight to protect coastal communities from offshore drilling. We work to ban destructive fishing practices, conserve ocean treasures, and improve stewardship of the world’s shared oceans, which generate trillions of dollars in economic activity. The Nature Conservancy’s Rob Weary explains how the group brokered an innovative financing deal that could serve as a model for ocean protection in island developing nations.13 days ago Some delegations were already hostile, but Pardo was well prepared and passionate, even lyrical. The dark oceans, he said, “were the womb of life”. 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