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Na niektórych ciałach położonych poza klasycznie definiowaną ekosferą mogą istnieć podpowierzchniowe zbiorniki ciekłej wody. Niektóre z nich tworzą płynną warstwę wody otaczającą cały glob, pokrytą skorupą lodową o wielokilometrowej grubości. Taki podpowierzchniowy ocean posiadają niektóre księżyce planet, w szczególności Europa, a także prawdopodobnie Ganimedes i Kallisto, dwa inne galileuszowe księżyce Jowisza oraz Tytan i Enceladus, krążące wokół Saturna[6]. Ocean na Europie przypuszczalnie ma kontakt ze skalistym wnętrzem księżyca i na jego dnie może mieć miejsce aktywność wulkaniczna lub hydrotermalna; także ocean na Enceladusie rozciąga się między lodową skorupą a skałami[7]. Prawdopodobne oceany na trzech największych księżycach lodowych są uwięzione pomiędzy dwiema warstwami lodu o różnej strukturze krystalicznej i gęstości[8]. Modele ewolucji termicznej wskazują także na możliwość powstania takich zbiorników na niektórych większych obiektach transneptunowych[9] (plutoidach). Deep-sea mining plans need a better grasp of ocean floor ecosystems Scientists are investigating the role microbiomes play in coral health, trying to identity those microbial traits that make coral reefs resilient as ocean temperatures rise and bleaching events accelerate.9 days ago The Ocean Supercluster is a private sector-led partnership concentrated largely in Atlantic Canada that brings companies together to boost innovation and modernization in Canada’s ocean industries. Companies from different ocean sectors will co-invest to adopt and commercialize technologies to solve shared challenges. The Ocean Supercluster will also invest to develop talent, improve supply chain opportunities, and foster more ocean start-ups to build the innovation and entrepreneurial ecosystem. Did you know that coral reefs support more species than any other marine environment and rival rainforests in their biodiversity? 2018 is the third International Year of the Reef—a platform to highlight the importance of coral reefs. Covering less than one percent of the planet, reefs are the home to 25 percent of marine species and supply food to millions of people. They are also vital to our ocean economy, providing billions of dollars in services, such coastal protection, jobs, tourism and more. An expert in underwater filming, Orla Doherty is one of the lucky few to have explored the deepest parts of the ocean. Beaked whales can dive 2,000 metres below the ocean’s surface. Why and how do they do it? OceanSITES is a worldwide system of long-term, open-ocean reference stations measuring dozens of variables and monitoring the full depth of the ocean from air-sea interactions down to the seafloor. It is a network of stations or observatories measuring many aspects of the ocean’s surface and water column using, where possible, automated systems with advanced sensors and telecommunications systems, yielding high time resolution, often in real-time, while building a long record. Observations cover meteorology, physical oceanography, transport of water, biogeochemistry, and parameters relevant to the carbon cycle, ocean acidification, the ecosystem, and geophysics. What was the ocean like when dinosaurs roamed the Earth? Veteran oceanographer Eddy Carmack has witnessed five decades of accelerating change in the Arctic. As he accepted a lifetime achievement award in January, he talks about why ‘pan-Arctic’ research that crosses borders and disciplines is now imperative.about 2 months ago While all major international assessments find that much of the ocean is now seriously degraded, there is an increasingly urgent need to find scientific solutions that allow us to understand the changes taking place in our ocean, and to reverse the declining health of our planet’s largest ecosystem. What is it like to stand on the ocean floor? What do you learn from a lifetime spent in the heart of the sea?  Tins of tuna state that they are “dolphin-friendly” so should products using cobalt say if the metal was mined on land or in the ocean? What would the best choice be anyway? Should the vents so special to Attenborough be spared and only nodule mining allowed? © 2013 | Scientists designed SoFi to solve several problems that bedevil oceanic robotics. Problem one: communication. Underwater vehicles are typically tethered to a boat because radio waves don’t do well in water. What SoFi’s inventors have opted for instead is sound. New studies show complex effects of carbon dioxide on fish population. Many studies have shown that larvae of various fish species can be negatively affected by ocean acidification. Acidification is caused by large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) entering the seawater from the atmosphere. But CO2 can also influence the food supply for the fish … more Earth may be the blue planet, but beneath the ocean waves lies a vast forest of green.  First, there were the fish. Then (about 400 million years later) there was a lot of fishing. That’s when we came along. An eclectic bunch of design thinkers, business consultants, journalists, and scientists, we believe in the power of entrepreneurship and collaboration as potent forces for positive change in the world—including in the oceans. Obecnie poza Ziemią nie są znane żadne ciała niebieskie, na których potwierdzona byłaby obecność powierzchniowych zbiorników ciekłej wody. Prawdopodobnie przed 3-4 miliardami lat istniał ocean na Marsie, jednak utrata pola magnetycznego i rozrzedzenie atmosfery planety przyczyniły się do jego zaniknięcia. GCOS Implementation Plan 2016   !NEW! Publications GOOS webinar on OceanSITES’ Unique Role in the Observing System Available here OceanSITES poster at EGU2015 Poster 1 Poster 2 Deep-Ocean T/S Challenge: Contribute a deep-ocean T/S Sensor! More information Lanternfish are one of many animals that light up the ocean with their glowing bodies. The challenges we face in managing our oceans effectively also present opportunities for innovation, collaboration, and actions. Our oceans are held in public trust, and we must act together to secure the future of our oceans and health and wealth of our nation. Based on real ocean exploration technology, enter a research habitat and use real technology such as submersibles, sonar, and remote operated vehicles to explore the wonders of the worlds under the sea. Tie the power and majesty of the oceans to the world around us. A wealth of ocean data has been and is being collected. Many of the datasets are open, yet very few are being used for resource management, business, or conservation. Most businesses, let alone individuals, do not have the time or ability to translate ocean data into actionable information, yet large industries and millions of people rely on the ocean for their livelihoods and well-being. So long as ocean data remain disconnected from services that people and markets can use, we will be unable to engage the numbers of actors needed to address critical ocean challenges. Data collection is not evenly distributed across the ocean — some regions are in need of data acquisition, a need that could be addressed through the development of demand for data services, which will in turn drive demand for data collection tools. Overall, there is a market failure for meaningful data services, and the time is ripe for market development. email : The XPRIZE Ocean Initiative is dedicated to ensuring our ocean is healthy, valued and understood. What affects the oceans affects terra firma. Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions gathers the insights of more than 70 ocean and coastal science researchers exploring ocean components and their relationships, patterns, and trends over time and space. Read more Ceres appears to be differentiated into a rocky core and icy mantle and may harbour a liquid-water ocean under its surface.[67][68] The geologist Bram Murton has warned of “an ill-informed knee-jerk reaction” to ocean mining which, he says, offers the potential to support a low-carbon future. Please reach out to UNESCO’s IOC via A school of 6 cod fish swimming in an ocean. OMI serves to enrich and expand the public’s understanding of ocean science and conservation through the collaborative creation, exhibition, and open-distribution of innovative visual media as well as artistic approaches to ocean education. Not enough is known of the larger trans-Neptunian objects to determine whether they are differentiated bodies capable of supporting oceans, although models of radioactive decay suggest that Pluto,[69] Eris, Sedna, and Orcus have oceans beneath solid icy crusts approximately 100 to 180 km thick.[66] per fare muscoli velocemente voortijdige zaadlozing metodo naturale per ingrandire il pene arandas tires and rims aumentar la masa muscular con proteinas pastiglie al miglio prezzo aumentar el tamaño de los labios naturalmente muscoli alimentazione esercizi per allungare la schiena que proteina es mejor para ganar musculo männliches glied durchschnitt como aumentar masa muscular en piernas y gluteos mujeres como hacer que el pene te cresca ginseng erezione spieren groeien calorie piselli in scatola bonduelle cavernosometry radiology sognare il membro maschile esercizi di kegel per l’uomo pdf operaciones para agrandar el miembro masculino prise de masse difficile aumentare massa muscolare spalle a casa ricostruzione unghie cartina video los mejores penes penisverdickung hyaluronsäure alargador 4mm preto potenzmittel pflanzlich prodotti illegali per aumentare massa muscolare pene fatto in casa prepuzio che non scende