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But today the ocean’s reserves are overdrawn, threatening countless communities around the world with climate, economic, and food insecurities. Unsustainable development, fueled by human population growth, has weakened ocean ecosystems. Modern technology is accelerating the rate of change. He told BBC News: “There’s a continuous process of exploring for new things to exploit in the oceans, and that’s happening faster than we scientists can keep up with. My suspicion is legislation is also struggling to keep up – and obviously there are risks in that.” Od czasu odkrycia w latach 50. XX w. zjawiska ekspansji dna oceanicznego, czyli powstawania zupełnie nowej skorupy ziemskiej w strefach grzbietów śródoceanicznych, oraz w wyniku badań wieku osadów oceanicznych i samej skorupy, rozwinęło się kilka teorii geotektonicznych, spośród których powszechnie dziś akceptowana jest teoria tektoniki płyt. W skład oceanów (układów oceanicznych) wchodzą także mniejsze obszary wodne, jak: morza, zatoki, kanały, zalewy i cieśniny, które od pełnych wód oceanicznych mogą być oddzielone półwyspami, wyspami bądź archipelagami. Wszystkie te zasoby wodne Ziemi określa się łącznie mianem wszechoceanu. Heirs to Our Oceans is a rising tide of young leaders around the globe who are taking the ocean crisis into their own hands, educating themselves and others, bringing hope and solutions to the surface, and creating waves of change that will ensure the health of our blue planet for their generation and for future generations. Scientists surveying an ocean area targeted for deep-sea mining have shown how much is left to discover about the biodiversity of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone, a five-million-square-kilometre region in the central Pacific Ocean. Ta rozmowa jest jak życie, raz płynie jak wartka rzeka, innym razem powolutku – delikatnie zaczepiając o problematyczne skałki a czasem zupełnie jak wzburzony ocean. Jestem naprawdę zauroczona osobowością, pozytywnym nastawieniem i otwartością Pani Julii 🙂 Fantastyczna książka. Gorąco polecam! New studies show complex effects of carbon dioxide on fish population. Many studies have shown that larvae of various fish species can be negatively affected by ocean acidification. Acidification is caused by large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) entering the seawater from the atmosphere. But CO2 can also influence the food supply for the fish … more The Nature Conservancy’s Rob Weary explains how the group brokered an innovative financing deal that could serve as a model for ocean protection in island developing nations.13 days ago Cameron visited the Mariana Trench, the deepest place on Earth at 7 miles (11 km) below the surface of the Pacific Ocean, in a minisubmarine in 2012. He was only the second person to visit that area of the ocean. “It’s estimated that 95 per cent of the liveable space on our planet is in the ocean,” said Dr Carole Baldwin, curator of fishes at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and lead author of the study. An expert in underwater filming, Orla Doherty is one of the lucky few to have explored the deepest parts of the ocean. The value of the world’s oceans is set to double by 2030 but we know less about the bottom of the sea than we do about Mars. It is often stated that the thermohaline circulation is the primary reason that the climate of Western Europe is so temperate. An alternate hypothesis claims that this is largely incorrect, and that Europe is warm mostly because it lies downwind of an ocean basin, and because atmospheric waves bring warm air north from the subtropics.[39][40] But the Foresight Future of the Sea Report for the UK government said there are also opportunities to cash in on the “ocean economy”. SOA has the largest ocean youth network in the world, with members in 50 countries. SOA builds a global coalition of ocean champions to tackle ambitious sustainability initiatives for the betterment of our troubled seas. In an air-conditioned cabin in a teeming port in Papua New Guinea, Leslie Kewa reaches for a joystick that will control a machine the size of a house. Nearly half a century after the CIA men pretended to mine the ocean floor, he’s about to do it for real. “One Ocean” takes viewers on a journey from the intense heat of the tropics to the planet’s frozen poles. Life has spread to almost every part of the ocean, but there are many different worlds within it, and each presents unique challenges. Plastic is everywhere – even the deepest parts of the ocean are now awash with it. Ocean & Coastal Management is an international journal published 12 times per year dedicated to the study of all aspects of ocean and coastal management at international, national, regional, and local levels. Oceans, seas, lakes and other bodies of liquids can be composed of liquids other than water, for example the hydrocarbon lakes on Titan. The possibility of seas of nitrogen on Triton was also considered but ruled out.[74] There is evidence that the icy surfaces of the moons Ganymede, Callisto, Europa, Titan and Enceladus are shells floating on oceans of very dense liquid water or water–ammonia.[75][76][77][78][79] Earth is often called the ocean planet because it is 70% covered in water.[80][81] Extrasolar terrestrial planets that are extremely close to their parent star will be tidally locked and so one half of the planet will be a magma ocean.[82] It is also possible that terrestrial planets had magma oceans at some point during their formation as a result of giant impacts.[83] Hot Neptunes close to their star could lose their atmospheres via hydrodynamic escape, leaving behind their cores with various liquids on the surface.[84] Where there are suitable temperatures and pressures, volatile chemicals that might exist as liquids in abundant quantities on planets include ammonia, argon, carbon disulfide, ethane, hydrazine, hydrogen, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide, methane, neon, nitrogen, nitric oxide, phosphine, silane, sulfuric acid, and water.[85] But there’s no other option. The machine will soon be deployed not in the huge pits of an opencast mine on land but in the sunless depths a mile underwater on the ocean floor. The gas giants, Jupiter and Saturn, are thought to lack surfaces and instead have a stratum of liquid hydrogen, however their planetary geology is not well understood. The possibility of the ice giants Uranus and Neptune having hot, highly compressed, supercritical water under their thick atmospheres has been hypothesised. Although their composition is still not fully understood, a 2006 study by Wiktorowicz and Ingersall ruled out the possibility of such a water “ocean” existing on Neptune,[60] though some studies have suggested that exotic oceans of liquid diamond are possible.[61] We give youth access to high-level conversation and a platform to showcase their ideas and solutions that can protect our ocean. We foster the entrepreneurial spirit of our members and challenge them to design creative policy and business solutions. SOA currently supports over 160 youth-led sustainability projects around the globe. In the center of the Pacific Ocean gyre our researchers found more plastic than plankton. A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics, once they enter the oceans, break up into small particulates that enter the food chain where they attract toxins like a magnet. These toxins are stored in seafood’s fatty tissues, and eventually consumed by us. What can antique corals reveal about the impact of climate change on the ocean? Oceans Deeply is designed to help you understand the complex web of environmental, social and economic issues facing the world’s oceans. Our editors and expert contributors work to bring you greater clarity and comprehensive coverage of ocean health. To put into perspective just how deep the oceans go, Xkcd.com created the illustration below (click the image for a larger version). SOA has the largest ocean youth network in the world, with members in 50 countries. SOA builds a global coalition of ocean champions to tackle ambitious sustainability initiatives for the betterment of our troubled seas. 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